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Anthony Yinger’s Ownership

 

Anthony and his wife Magdelena (Broband) Yinger shouldered a significant burden and challenge when Anthony’s older brother George died in young adulthood in 1790.  Anthony was 31 years old in 1790 and his wife Magdelena was only 25 years old when George Yinger died.  In addition to grieving over the loss of their brother and brother in law, they also faced a tremendous financial challenge.

 

Due to the commitments entered into in 1788 when George and Freney (Broband) Yinger acquired Jacob and Ann Brobands’ 140 acre plantation, George’s death transferred these burdens to Anthony and Magdelena.  Significant payments were required to be made to the heirs of Jacob Broband which included his widow, Ann and their daughters.  The details of the commitments made are recited in the introduction to the family farm section of the web site.  The Family Farm

 

Anthony and his wife Magdelena had to work very hard to generate enough income to meet the commitments George and Freney Yinger had made in purchasing the 140 Broband farm from Jacob Broband’s estate in order to keep the farm in the family.  A review of the estate file for George Yinger at another section of this web site reveals considerable payments which were paid to the widow and children of Jacob Broband from George’s estate. These payments are listed in periodic accountings filed by Anthony as administrator of his older brother’s estate.  George Yinger 1790 Estate Documents

 

In addition to payments which were required to Jacob Broband’s widow, Ann and their daughters (or guardians of their daughters) Anthony and Magdelena also had a growing young family of their own requiring production from the farm to meet their food, clothing and shelter needs.  A son, Jacob, was born in August 1783.  A daughter, Elizabeth, was born in July 1785.  Another son, George and another daughter, Mary were born in the late 1780’s.  Additional children born to this couple included, in order of birth, John (born in January 1792), Martin (born November 1793), Nancy, Catharine (born in 1804) and Sally.

 

In another section of this web site Anthony Yinger’s estate file is presented and discussed.  Anthony Yinger 1829 Estate Documents  He died in 1829.  From that section of this web site the following comments are excerpted:

 

As young adults Anthony and Magdalena Yinger shouldered the daunting task of keeping the farm running without George, providing for their own growing family, helping provide for the younger unmarried sisters of Magdalena with funds from the estate, caring for Anthony’s widowed destitute mother and administrating the estate of his deceased brother. 

 

They managed to meet these challenges successfully.  In 1813 the 140 acre farm near Yocumtown, Pennsylvania was formally divided so that the only heir of George and Freney, their daughter Ann (Nancy), and her husband John Fetrow received legal ownership of about 95 acres and Anthony retained 45 acres of the 140 acre farm his brother George had acquired in 1788 from their father-in-law, Jacob Broband’s estate.  A transcript of that land deed document is included in another section of this web site. 

 

Anthony and Magdalena were responsible for working hard to keep the farm intact from 1790, when Ann (Nancy) was only 6 years old at the time of her father George’s death, until 1813 when Ann was a 29 year old woman married to John Fetrow.  The estate file of George Yinger indicates significant financial challenges that Anthony had to overcome as administrator.  He managed to meet those obligations without having to sell the real estate. 

 

The logical explanation for how he managed to pull off the challenge is that he and his wife Magdalena must have worked very hard. Their hard labor produced enough income from the farm to meet the obligations of George’s estate while also providing for their growing family and for extended family members.  Theirs is a textbook case of overcoming adversity with hard work and perseverance.

 

In addition to the 45 acre portion of George Yinger’s farm which Anthony acquired from George just before his death in 1790, Anthony also purchased a 25 acre tract of “woodland” from Joseph Glancy in 1801.  In 1803 Fairview Township of York County Pennsylvania was created out of the northern part of Newberry Township.  Prior to 1803 the 25 acre tract Anthony bought from Joseph Glancy is listed with Anthony’s 45 acre portion of the former Jacob Broband/George Yinger farm on tax lists of Newberry Township. 

 

However, beginning in 1803 and thereafter this property is listed in the tax lists of Fairview Township designating Anthony Yinger as owner.  This suggests that the “woodland” tract was located north of the 140 acre Broband/Yinger farm which straddles the dividing line between Newberry and Fairview Townships after they were separated in 1803.  Today there is still a wooded ridge which can be seen looking northward into Fairview Township from the Broband/Yinger/Fetrow farm property. The old family “plantation” is still substantially farmland rather than developed residential property today.

 

Below is a picture I took in June 2006 standing near the Fetrow family cemetery at the southeast corner of the old Broband/Yinger/Fetrow plantation.  The view is toward the northwest looking across the fields of the old farm toward the wooded ridge to the north and west into Fairview Township where the 25 woodland acres Anthony purchased from Joseph Glancy were located:

 

 

 

It was a common practice for owners of farmland to preserve a portion of their land or acquire additional property which was not cleared of timber to use for firewood, provide construction materials for barns, sheds, homes and other structures, furnish wood for making tools like axe handles, ploughs, gunstocks, etc.  Anthony seems to have prospered enough by 1801 to be able to accomplish the acquisition of 25 acres of “woodland” for these purposes.  A copy of the deed for this purchase in 1801 is included in another section of this web site covering the family farm.  Anthony Yinger & Joseph Glancy, 1801 Land Deed

 

When the early settlers first spread out into the interior of Pennsylvania and other colonies, the forests were viewed as obstacles to be overcome, subdued and cleared.  This process had the goal of converting the woodland into productive farmland.  However, as this process continued in succeeding decades, the forests became dwindling resources.  Ideally a well managed “plantation” included both cleared acreage for farming as well as uncleared forest for timber.

 

Below is an excerpt of the 1801 tax list for Newberry Township of York County Pennsylvania.  At this point in time Fairview Township had not been created out of Newberry Township.  Notice that the 95 acres not sold to Anthony by his brother George in 1790 are listed separately as owned by “Yinger, George, Heirs.”  Also notice that the valuation for Anthony’s 45 acre farm for tax purposes is at $10 an acre compared to the valuation of $1 per acre for the 25 acre “mountain land.”  Anthony is listed as having 2 hogs and 4 cows.  His hogs were valued at $20 each for taxation purposes and the cows were valued at $10 each.

 

 

Anthony and Magdelena spent all their lives on the property formerly owned by Magdelena’s parents, Jacob and Anna Broband.  The premature death of George Yinger would not be the last heartbreaking tragedy they would have to endure while enjoying the fruits of their labor on the land they must have loved.  In the section of this web site dealing with Anthony’s estate file, the narrative discusses the trauma they suffered of witnessing the slow death of three of their adult children in young adulthood from “consumption.”

 

The following excerpt from that section of this web site is presented again here:

 

In the second decade of the 1800’s a series of tragedies struck Anthony and Magdalena’s immediate family.  Three of their children died of consumption (tuberculosis) in young adulthood.  Their first born son Jacob, who was born in 1783, died in 1813 at the age of 29 years.  Their first born daughter Elizabeth, who was born in 1785, died in 1814 at the age of 28 years.  Another son Martin, who was born in 1793, died in 1816 at 22 years of age. 

 

All three of these children were unmarried when they died.  They predeceased their parents, Anthony and Magdelena Yinger, and are buried beside them in the Bear family cemetery in Yocumtown, Pennsylvania.  A separate section of this web site is devoted to those grave sites including photographs of the stones which are still in legible condition. 

 

Anthony Yinger would live the rest of his life on the 45 acre portion of land he purchased from his brother George in 1790.  Anthony died on August 3, 1829 according to his estate file which is covered in another section of this web site and according to his tombstone in the Bear family cemetery which is also covered in another section of this web site. 

 

Anthony’s estate file indicates that in his will he bequeathed a portion of his real estate including his home and garden area and a limited amount of land to his wife, Magdelena.  His estate file accounting indicates that his son John Yinger purchased the rest of Anthony’s real estate not bequeathed to Magdelena.  Tax lists shortly after Anthony’s death confirm this fact.

 

The following excerpts are taken from the discussion of Anthony’s estate file contents which appears in another section of this web site.

 

From Anthony’s will dated June 23, 1829:

 

In providing for his wife, Anthony bequeaths their “dwelling house and the small house to the south.”  He also bequeaths to her “the garden and the lot of ground …between the garden and barn.”…

 

Anthony’s will next addresses his intentions regarding the rest of his farm and possessions which he has not bequeathed to his wife and two unmarried daughters.  His farm was about 45 acres and he seems to have carved out only a small portion that his homes were situated on for his wife along with a garden area.  The rest of his farm he intended to be sold along with his remaining personal items.

 

Anthony further provides for his wife in the contemplated sale of his farm land by stipulating that one third of the ultimate purchase price will be earmarked to provide a lifetime annuity for Magdelena.  The ultimate purchaser will be required to pay interest to her on that portion of the purchase price “during the life of my aforesaid wife or so long as she remains my widow.”  Interest was to be paid annually and, to insure payment, the one third of the purchase price amount would constitute a lien on the property in the hands of the purchaser.

 

The remaining two thirds portion of the purchase price of Anthony’s real estate together with the proceeds from the sale of his remaining personal items were to be divided equally among their surviving six children.

 

From the accounting filed for Anthony’s estate which was filed on November 7, 1830:

 

Of much greater significance than John Yinger’s small remittance is a reference in the accounting that indicates he agreed to purchase the farm from his father’s estate for $1,605.  The accounting further repeats the stipulation from Anthony’s will that a third of the purchase price will be held as a lien on the property with an annual interest payment to be made to Magdelena, Anthony’s widow and John’s mother as long as she lives or remains unmarried.

 

The remaining two thirds of the purchase price was $1,070 according to the accounting and it was to be divided among the surviving children of Anthony and Magdelena equally according to his will.  In summary, this accounting document proves that, after Anthony’s death, his younger surviving son John became the owner of the farm land.  Anthony’s will indicates that Magdelena continued to own a carved out section where two houses and a garden were located. 

 

The following image is an excerpt from a tax list for Newberry Township from 1833 several years after Anthony’s death in 1829.  This tax list page confirms the facts discussed above regarding the disposition of Anthony’s farm after his death to his wife Magdelena as a dowry and to their son John Yinger who purchased the portion not bequeathed to his mother.

 

 

Note that John Yinger is indicated as a carpenter for his occupation.  The amount of land is reported as 41 acres, slightly less than the 45 or 43 acres that tax lists indicated Anthony owned before his death.  This corresponds to the provision in Anthony’s will for the small portion of land Magdelena retained along with the home and garden.  Note also that the tax list indicates that this property was “B. (bought) of Anthony Yinger” by John Yinger.

 

Magdelena does not have any amount of land indicated on this tax list.  However, the amount of her “dowery” is given as $535 which represents the 1/3rd portion of the total purchase price of $1,605 committed to be paid by her son John Yinger for his father’s farm.

 

The 25 acres of mountain land Anthony purchased from Joseph Glancy in 1801 was apparently included when John Yinger purchased his father’s real estate from Anthony’s estate.  This fact is proven by a review of the tax lists of Fairview Township before and after Anthony’s death in 1829.

 

1828 Fairview Township tax list excerpt:

 

 

Notice from this excerpt that Anthony is listed as owning the 25 acres of mountain land he purchased in 1801.  However, he is indicated, as was customary for non-resident owners, as being from Newbury Township.  Both of his son’s still living in 1828 appear on the same tax list just below Anthony’s appearance.  George Yinger owned a house and lot of 1 acre in Fairview Township, and 2 cows.  His occupation was listed as farmer.  John Yinger, the younger son, did not have any land listed, only a cow.  His occupation was listed as joiner.  In other years he was listed as a carpenter.

 

1832 Fairview Township tax list excerpt:

 

 

On tax lists of Fairview Township in the years after Anthony Yinger’s death his son John Yinger of Newberry Township is listed as owner of 25 acres of land in Fairview Township.  The 1832 tax list excerpt above is an example of that fact.  John’s older brother George Yinger is listed as a laborer with a house and lot of 1 acre and one cow.

 

The one acre on which George Yinger’s house sat was a portion of his Father’s 45 acre farm which Anthony and Magdelena sold to their son George in 1825.  A transcript of the deed for the transfer of that parcel is included as a separate page in this section of the web site on the family farm.  Anthony Yinger & Son George, 1825 Land Deed  A plotting of the parcel using the description in the deed is presented below.

 

 

This parcel was taken from the northern tip of the 45 acre plot owned by Anthony and Magdelena Yinger which they had acquired from Anthony’s brother George just before his death in 1790.  In all likelihood Anthony’s son George was named for Anthony’s brother.  Below is an approximate depiction of the location of the 1 acre portion sold to Anthony’s son George in 1825.

 

 

This parcel of land was located in Fairview Township of York County while the bulk of the 45 acre farm Anthony and Magdelena owned was located in Newberry Township.  That is why their son George Yinger always appears on tax lists and in censuses as a resident of Fairview Township and Anthony always appears on tax lists and censuses as a resident of Newberry Township.

 

The 1 acre parcel owned by Anthony’s son George had to be sold in 1840 to pay debts owed by George at his death.  The details of this are presented in a section of this web site covering George Yinger’s estate file.  George Yinger 1840 Estate Documents

 

In summary, after Anthony died in 1829 the bulk of his farm he had acquired from his brother George in 1790 was purchased by his son John for $1,605.  John’s older brother also named George had bought about 1 acre from their parents Anthony and Magdelena in 1825 which had to be sold in 1840 at his death to pay debts.  Magdalena retained a couple acres that the houses and garden were located on until her death in 1846.

 

 

 

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