Anthony Yinger 1829 Estate File Narrative
Introduction and Summary
The transcripts for the estate documents of Anthony Yinger were prepared from the original documents which are in the York county archives in York, Pennsylvania.
Anthony Yinger was the second oldest known son of Johann Paul Jünger who was a Palatine emigrant from the Rhineland in Europe. Paul arrived in Philadelphia on September 15, 1748 on the ship “Two Brothers.” The life and times of Paul are covered in another section of this web site. According to Anthony’s tombstone in the Bear family cemetery in Yocumtown, Pennsylvania, he was born on March 26, 1759 and he died on August 3, 1829. Therefore he was 70 years old when he died.
Anthony married Magdelena Broband who was the third born daughter and child of Jacob and Anna Broband. She was a younger sister of Sophronia (Freney) Broband who married Anthony’s older brother George Yinger. Therefore, two brothers, George and Anthony Yinger, married two sisters, Freney and Magdelena Broband.
In 1790 when Anthony was 31 years old and his wife, Magdelena was only 25 (she was born in 1765), tragedy struck their extended family. Anthony’s older brother George died less than two years after he had acquired a 140 acre farm from his father-in-law, Jacob Broband’s estate.
As young adults Anthony and Magdelena Yinger shouldered the daunting task of keeping the farm running without George, providing for their own growing family, helping provide for the younger unmarried sisters of Magdelena with funds from the estate, caring for Anthony’s widowed destitute mother and administrating the estate of his deceased brother.
They managed to meet these challenges successfully. In 1813 the 140 acre farm near Yocumtown, Pennsylvania was formally divided so that the only heir of George and Freney, their daughter Ann (Nancy), and her husband John Fetrow received legal ownership of about 95 acres and Anthony retained 45 acres of the 140 acre farm his brother George had acquired in 1788 from their father-in-law, Jacob Broband’s estate. A transcript of that land deed document is included in another section of this web site.
Anthony and Magdelena were responsible for working hard to keep the farm intact from 1790, when Ann (Nancy) was only 6 years old at the time of her father George’s death, until 1813 when Ann was a 29 year old woman married to John Fetrow. The estate file of George Yinger indicates significant financial challenges that Anthony had to overcome as administrator. He managed to meet those obligations without having to sell the real estate.
The logical explanation for how he managed to pull off the challenge is that he and his wife Magdelena must have worked very hard. Their hard labor produced enough income from the farm to meet the obligations of George’s estate while also providing for their growing family and for extended family members. Theirs is a textbook case of overcoming adversity with hard work and perseverance.
In the second decade of the 1800’s a series of tragedies struck Anthony and Magdelena’s immediate family. Three of their children died of consumption (tuberculosis) in young adulthood. Their first born son Jacob, who was born in 1783, died in 1813 at the age of 29 years. Their first born daughter Elizabeth, who was born in 1785, died in 1814 at the age of 28 years. Another son Martin, who was born in 1793, died in 1816 at 22 years of age.
All three of these children were unmarried when they died. They predeceased their parents, Anthony and Magdelena Yinger, and are buried beside them in the Bear family cemetery in Yocumtown, Pennsylvania. A separate section of this web site is devoted to those grave sites including photographs of the stones which are still in legible condition.
Many important genealogical revelations emerge from a review of the estate documents for Anthony Yinger. Transcripts prepared from the original documents are included on this web site and can be viewed by following the links at the bottom of this introduction and summary. The documents which comprise Anthony Yinger’s estate file with my comments about certain important items to note are as follows:
Last Will & Testament of Anthony Yinger Estate
The last will and testament of Anthony Yinger was prepared by him on June 23, 1829. He died on August 3, 1829 according to his tombstone as previously noted. After affirming his sound mental capacity but failing physical condition and after he makes provisions for the payment of his just debts and funeral expenses, he turns his attention to providing for his wife Magdelena. Their first child Jacob was born in 1783 when Magdelena was just 18 years old so in 1829 they would have been married for at least 47 years. The following provisions he makes for her are “during her natural life or so long as she remains my widow.”
In providing for his wife, Anthony bequeaths their “dwelling house and the small house to the south.” He also bequeaths to her “the garden and the lot of ground …between the garden and barn.” These details give an insight into the material success they had achieved together during their marriage. They also give some tantalizing archeological clues which may help to pinpoint the location of his property near Yocumtown, Pennsylvania. In a separate section of this web site this farm and its location and structures are discussed.
Anthony makes further provisions for his “beloved” wife including a milk cow, use of the water and bake oven and manure from the farm for the garden. He also entitles her to as much fruit as she needs which will be produced on the farm in the hands of a future owner after Anthony’s death. He bequeaths other personal property to Magdelena including “the best stove and pipe,” also “one good bed, bedstead and a sufficiency of bedding for all seasons.” He further provides her with kitchen and cooking implements, furniture, and a “spinning wheel and reel.”
The final bequest Anthony makes to his wife, Magdelena, is a note receivable owed to him by their oldest surviving son George Yinger in the amount of 100 dollars dated May 27, 1827. In the inventory of Anthony’s estate other smaller notes payable to him from their son George are indicated. George died in 1840 and his estate file is addressed in another section of this web site. However, it should be noted here that those estate file documents indicate that at George’s death in 1840 his assets were insufficient to pay his debts. It seems from these insights that Anthony and Magdelena’s oldest surviving son, George, struggled financially throughout his life.
After making extensive provisions for his wife, Anthony made provisions for his two unmarried daughters, Nancy and Sally. He bequeaths to each of these unmarried daughters “one good bed, bedsteads, and bedding and one good cow each, also one spinning wheel each.” The cows would be used for providing milk and butter and the spinning wheels would be used for making thread from flax which could be made into linen cloth for garments.
Anthony’s will next addresses his intentions regarding the rest of his farm and possessions which he has not bequeathed to his wife and two unmarried daughters. His farm was about 45 acres and he seems to have carved out only a small portion that his homes were situated on for his wife along with a garden area. The rest of his farm he intended to be sold along with his remaining personal items.
Anthony further provides for his wife in the contemplated sale of his farm land by stipulating that one third of the ultimate purchase price will be earmarked to provide a lifetime annuity for Magdelena. The ultimate purchaser will be required to pay interest to her on that portion of the purchase price “during the life of my aforesaid wife or so long as she remains my widow.” Interest was to be paid annually and, to insure payment, the one third of the purchase price amount would constitute a lien on the property in the hands of the purchaser.
The remaining two thirds portion of the purchase price of Anthony’s real estate together with the proceeds from the sale of his remaining personal items were to be divided equally among their surviving six children. Anthony then names, presumably in age order from oldest to youngest, his surviving children. This reference, along with the tombstones in the Bear family cemetery of three other young adult children that predeceased Anthony, provides a very detailed insight into the composition of Anthony and Magdelena’s family.
Those surviving adult children mentioned in order of birth are George, Mary the wife of David Fetrow, John Yinger, Nancy Yinger, Catherine, the wife of Henry G. Kister, and Sally Yinger. These six surviving children at the time of Anthony’s death in 1829 are discussed in more detail in a biographical section of this web site on Anthony and Magdelena and their family.
At the death or marriage of his widow, Magdelena, Anthony specifies that the stove and pipe willed to her should be sold and the price of the same together with the one third portion of the purchase price for his farm should be remitted to the six surviving children on an equal basis.
Finally, Anthony names “my friend John Fetrow (son of Joseph)” as the only executor of his last will and testament. John Fetrow had married Ann (Nancy) Yinger the only child of Anthony’s older brother, George and his wife Freney Broband Yinger. John Fetrow and his wife Ann (Nancy) owned the 95 acre portion adjacent to Anthony’s 45 acre portion which his brother George Yinger owned together in a single piece at the time of George’s death in 1790. John Fetrow, therefore, was a next door neighbor and nephew-in-law of Anthony and Magdelena.
Anthony signed his will using the German spelling of Andoni Jünger. Much has already been written in other sections of this web site about the significance of this preference Anthony had for using his German native language when signing his name.
The Inventory and Appraisement of Anthony Yinger’s estate
The inventory for Anthony Yinger’s estate is dated August 18, 1829. As previously mentioned above, his tombstone indicates he died on August 3, 1829. A review of the inventory contains some items that seem to be carried over from the estate and belongings of Jacob and Anna Broband’s period of ownership of the plantation and also from his brother George and Freney (Broband) Yinger’s subsequent brief period of ownership as well. This is determined by comparing Anthony’s estate inventory with the inventories from Jacob Broband’s estate file and George Yinger’s estate file which are presented in other parts of this web site.
A review of the inventory for Anthony Yinger highlights the relative importance of livestock and crops to the material wealth of early 19th century Americans. Farm animals included in Anthony’s inventory include horses, cattle and swine. Crops included hay, wheat, rye, oats, spelt and flax. In the administration accounting also discussed below another crop, corn, is mentioned as well.
Anthony was financially well off enough to lend money to several neighbors. Anthony Emerich owed Anthony $50.00 on a loan, John Plough owed Anthony $25.25. His oldest son George had three notes payable to Anthony for $25, $10, and $100 dated January 1825, September 1820 and May 1827 respectively. Based on the due dates for the notes from George Yinger, he seemed to be only paying interest on these notes to Anthony. In Anthony’s will previously discussed, he willed the largest note for $100 dated May 1827 to his widow, George’s mother, Magdelena.
Another item worthy of special attention in the inventory of Anthony’s estate is a German Bible valued at 50 cents. This provides additional proof of Anthony’s German language skills and preference. Furthermore, it’s hard not to wonder if important genealogical insights might have been written in that Bible. Perhaps it had a family section where birth, death and marriage information might have been recorded.
This would be extremely helpful information to have for Anthony’s father Johan Paul Jünger who was a Palatine emigrant from the Rhineland in Europe. Maybe Paul’s village of birth might have been recorded in that German Bible. Who knows whether this Bible may be in existence in a trunk in an attic some where? What a great find it would be!
Administration Account of Anthony Yinger’s Estate
John Fetrow, as executor, filed a single accounting for the estate of Anthony Yinger dated November 7, 1830. Additional assets beyond those included in the inventory are first enumerated. Included in those is a payment from David Fetrow to the estate in the amount of $106.19. David Fetrow was a son in law of Anthony. He was the husband of Mary Yinger who was the second born daughter of Anthony and Magdelena Yinger. Perhaps Anthony had also loaned David and Mary money. John Yinger, Anthony’s younger surviving son also paid a small amount of $7.37 to his father’s estate.
Of much greater significance than John Yinger’s small remittance is a reference in the accounting that indicates he agreed to purchase the farm from his father’s estate for $1,605. The accounting further repeats the stipulation from Anthony’s will that a third of the purchase price will be held as a lien on the property with an annual interest payment to be made to Magdelena, Anthony’s widow and John’s mother as long as she lives or remains unmarried.
The remaining two thirds of the purchase price was $1,070 according to the accounting and it was to be divided among the surviving children of Anthony and Magdelena equally according to his will. In summary, this accounting document proves that, after Anthony’s death, his younger surviving son John became the owner of the farm land. Anthony’s will indicates that Magdelena continued to own a carved out section where two houses and a garden were located.
Another item worthy of special mention in the accounting filed by the executor, John Fetrow, are the payment of $7.00 to Jacob Kirk for making Anthony’s coffin. Also mentioned is a payment to Anthony’s son John for “tombstones” in the amount of $12.00. A visit to the Bear family cemetery in Yocumtown reveals that Anthony and his wife’s tombstones include both headstones and footstones. Furthermore, the epithets are in English, not German. This suggests that the third generation probably had become very comfortable with the English language by the time of Anthony’s death in 1829.
Anthony’s son John was a grandson of Johann Paul Jünger, the Rhineland German speaking immigrant who arrived in America in 1748. Therefore, the transformation from the German language to an English language preference in the Jünger\Yinger family was accomplished in just a couple of generations.
Many other disbursements from the estate were made and enumerated on the administration accounting. Taxes of various types, legal fees, accounting fees, court fees, vendue (auction) fees, and etc. all had to be paid from the estate. The value of specific bequests to Anthony’s widow, Magdelena and their two unmarried daughters, Nancy and Sally were also deducted in arriving at the balance to be disposed of according to the will as discussed above. The amount left after all disbursements and deductions was $1,593.80.
Given the many challenges Anthony and Magdelena faced together over nearly 50 years of marriage, at the end of his life he was able to provide well for his family after his death.
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