Did Johann Paul Jünger travel alone or with other family members?


If any male family members aged 16 or above had traveled to Philadelphia with Paul Jünger, they would have been listed on the captain’s list, the oath of allegiance list and the oath of abjuration list for the ship “Two Brothers” which arrived in Philadelphia on September 15, 1748.  Since no other men named Jünger or Junger appear on these lists, it is safe to assert that Paul was the only male Jünger aged 16 or above on the ship “Two Brothers”. 


However, since the lists routinely excluded all women of any age and children, male and female, some possibility exists that Paul was accompanied by Jünger family members who were either women or children.  In spite of this possibility, I have not detected any evidence which might support this possibility.  On the contrary, in another section of this web site, the migration of Paul from Philadelphia in 1748 to Newberry Township of York County by 1780 is traced using tax list appearances. 


Although Paul arrived in colonial Pennsylvania in 1748, no record of children born to him has been found before the late 1750’s.  His first appearance on a tax list is in Bern Township of Berks County in 1754 where he is listed as a “married” tenant or renter.  Probably he married after working off his indentured servant obligation between 1748 and 1754.  This theory is more fully discussed in another section of this web site.  The bottom line is that Paul probably was not married when he traveled to America.  Therefore, it is likely that no wife or children accompanied him.


Furthermore, no evidence has been found which would suggest the possibility that a sister or mother of Paul may have accompanied him on his voyage in 1748.  It is unfortunate that the records kept routinely excluded women passengers during this time period. 


In the years following the arrival of Paul Jünger in Philadelphia in 1748 a limited number of other males named Junger show up on German immigrant ship lists for arrivals in Philadelphia.  Two in particular deserve mention as they seem to present the best possibility of being relatives, perhaps brothers, of Paul. 


Exactly one year to the day after Paul Jünger arrived in Philadelphia on September 15, 1748 a German speaking immigrant named Jacob Junger arrived in Philadelphia.  He was on the ship named "Phoenix" which arrived on September 15, 1749.  The captain’s list (“A”) and the oath of allegiance list (“B”) are lost for this immigrant ship.  However the oath of abjuration list (“C”) still exists in the Pennsylvania Archives in Harrisburg.


Jacob Junger’s name is written by an English speaking clerk with an indication of “his mark” between the first and last name.  The clerk wrote the name as “Jacob Jonger.”  However, published sources usually conclude that the last name should have been spelled Junger or Jünger.  Below is an image of the name as it appears in Volume II of Strassburger and Hinke’s publication titled Pennsylvania German Pioneers; A Publication of the Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia from 1727-1808:



If this immigrant was a relative of Johann Paul Jünger, no records have been discovered so far that would support this possibility.  In the Pennsylvania Archives, Series V volume VIII page 333 and 334 a Jacob Junger and a Jacob Junger, Jun’r appear on a list of “Associators and Militia” of Northampton County, Pennsylvania.  The last paragraph of the section in which they are listed states the following:


“23rd April 1782 Before me appeared Andrew Raub Ensign of the First Company of the Fourth Battalion of Militia of Northampton County and upon his Solemn affirmation doth say that the above is a true Return of the male white inhabitants between the ages of eighteen and fifty three within the district of the said Company accord’g to the best of his knowledge…”


It is possible that the Jacob Junger mentioned in this historic record is the immigrant who arrived in 1749.  He would certainly have been near the upper end of the age range mentioned above.  The date of 1782 less 53 years indicates no one would have been included on the militia list if they had been born before 1729. 


In Jacob Junger’s case, he had to be at least 16 years old at that time he arrived to be included as an adult male on the ship list in 1749.  Therefore, he could have been born as late as 1733 to have been 16 years old in 1749 when he arrived in Philadelphia on the ship “Phoenix.”  However, just because the dates fit to make it a possibility that the Jacob Junger on the 1783 Northampton militia list is the same man who arrived in 1749, doesn’t prove it without a doubt.


In 1782 Northampton County comprised a large area of land, the entire northeastern section of the state.  This can be seen from the map presented below which I obtained at the web site http://www.mypennsylvaniagenealogy.com/pa_maps/pa_cf.htm:


By 1782 Paul Jünger and his family had migrated to Newberry Township in northern York County, Pennsylvania.  If these two men were related, as their last names suggest as possible, they were separated by a large geographic area by 1782.  However, Paul first settled in Berks County from 1748 through 1762, according to tax list appearances, which is much closer to Northampton County.  Perhaps some future evidence will arise which can shed some light on a possible family relationship between Paul and Jacob.


The other name which shows up on a German immigrant ship list arriving in Philadelphia is Daniel Junger.  He arrived on the ship “Forest” on October 10, 1752 according to Strassburger and Hinke’s publication cited above.  Only the oath of abjuration (“C”) list exists for this ship arrival.  Like Paul and Jacob, Daniel did not sign his own name.  Rather, an English speaking clerk wrote his name for him and Daniel “made his mark” between his first and last name.


The English clerk spelled his last name as Jounger.  However, as in the case of Jacob, published authorities usually spell his name as Junger.  Below is an image of his name as it appears from Volume II of Strassburger and Hinke’s publication cited above:



I have been totally unable to discover any record in the Pennsylvania Archives or anywhere else for Daniel after he arrived in Philadelphia on the ship “Forest” on October 10, 1752.  Therefore, I cannot offer any evidence regarding a possible family relationship between my immigrant ancestor Paul Jünger who arrived in 1748 and Daniel Junger (Jounger) who arrived in 1752.


The best possibility for proving whether Johann Paul Jünger came alone or with other family members would be to find Paul in church records in German speaking Europe.  If that ever happens, insights into other siblings, parents, extended family and etc. would be forthcoming.  However, in the absence of success in that all important mission, questions about Paul’s European family roots and heritage remain unanswered.



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