George Yinger 1840 Estate File Narrative

Introduction and Summary


The transcripts for the estate documents of George Yinger were prepared from the original documents which are in the York county archives in York, Pennsylvania.


George Yinger was a son of Anthony and Magdalena Yinger.  His grandfather was Johann Paul Jünger who was a Palatine emigrant from the Rhineland in Europe.  Paul arrived in Philadelphia on September 15, 1748 on the ship “Two Brothers.”  The life and times of Paul are covered in another section of this web site.  George was probably named after Anthony’s older brother, George, who died in 1790.  His estate file is covered in another section of this web site.


George Yinger was listed as the oldest living child of Anthony and Magdalena in Anthony’s will in 1829.  His sister Mary Yinger Fetrow is listed next.  She was probably born in 1788 or 1789 according to ancestry.com world family tree postings at its web site.  Furthermore the next oldest child listed in Anthony’s 1829 will was a son named John Yinger.  According to John’s tombstone in Salem cemetery in Fairview Township, York County, he was born in January of 1792.


George also had a brother, Jacob and a sister, Elizabeth who were born in 1783 and 1785 respectively according to their tombstones in the Bear family cemetery in Yocumtown, York County, Pa.  They predeceased their parents Anthony and Magdalena when they died in 1813 and 1814 from “consumption.” 


All these facts together point to a birth date for George Yinger, son of Anthony and Magdalena, of about 1787.  Therefore in 1840 when George died he was about 53 years old.  This exercise in deductive logic regarding his birth date and age at the time of his death is necessary because his gravesite location is unknown.  His wife, Margaret, however, is buried in the Salem cemetery in Fairview Township near George’s younger brother John Yinger’s grave site.  But George is not buried next to his wife, Margaret. 


Margaret’s tombstone says that she was the wife of George and that she died on September 14, 1866 at the age of 69 years.  This indicates a birth date for her of about 1797.  It also indicates that after George’s death she did not marry again and remained his unmarried widow until she died.  She lived for 26 years after the death of her husband, George.


George Yinger’s estate documents indicate at the time of his death his possessions were fairly modest.  Insights gained from the estate document and his father Anthony’s estate documents, presented elsewhere on this web site, indicates George struggled financially throughout his life to make ends meet. 


At the time of Anthony’s death according to his estate file, his son George had three notes payable to Anthony for $25, $10, and $100 dated January 1825, September 1820 and May 1827 respectively.  Based on the due dates for the notes from George, he seemed to be only paying interest on these notes to Anthony.  In Anthony’s will he willed the largest note for $100 dated May 1827 to his widow, George’s mother, Magdalena. 


Transcripts prepared from the original estate file documents of George Yinger are included on this web site and can be viewed by following the links at the bottom of this introduction and summary.  The documents which comprise George Yinger’s estate file with my comments about certain important items to note are as follows:


The Inventory of George Yinger’s estate

The inventory for George Yinger’s estate is dated July 30, 1840.  His personal possessions were limited.  His household furnishings consisted of a bed, one stove and pipe and kitchen furniture.  His livestock consisted of one heifer, one cow, one sheep and two pigs.  The total value appraised for these assets was $59.50. 


The Vendue list of George Yinger’s estate

Vendue was a word used to describe the process of selling the possessions of a decedent at an auction.  In the case of George Yinger’s estate, the only “vendue” was a sale of the bedding and one heifer to George’s own wife, Margaret for about $11.  The remaining articles listed on the vendue were the remaining articles from the inventory of personal property of George that were “taken by widow at the appraisement.”


The Real Estate sale bond of George Yinger’s estate

On August 4, 1840 Peter Hoffstadt and Jacob Kirk filed a bond in the amount of $500 for the purpose of seeking approval from the Orphan’s court to sell George Yinger’s real estate.  The sale was necessary to pay the debts of George that were outstanding at the time of his death. 


This real estate was probably the land that Anthony and Magdalena sold to George their son in 1825.  According to the deed for that sale the amount of land was one acre and thirty three perches.  The price in 1825 was $25.  This property was from the northernmost section of Anthony and Magdalena’s 45 acre farm.  More details about this farm and the transaction involving George’s purchase of a small part of it are covered in another section of this web site.  Transcripts of the deed are also included on this web site.


Administration Account of George Yinger’s Estate

Peter Hoffstadt, administrator for George Yinger’s estate filed his accounting for the estate on August 25, 1841.  In the accounting he shows as assets or “charges” the $59.50 amount of the inventory filed on July 30, 1840 which consisted of personal home furnishings and some livestock.  Additionally, he reports the proceeds of the sale of George’s real estate in the amount of $300.  Finally, he reports as an asset the amount of $50.03 representing “proceeds of the dividend of the widow’s dower in the property of Anthony Yinger deceased.”


Probably this last asset listed in the accounting represented the remaining amount George was entitled to for his share of the one third portion from the sale of Anthony’s farm as stipulated in Anthony’s will and estate file.  George’s younger brother, John, bought the farm for $1,605 in 1830.  One third of that amount, $535, was to be released to the children of Anthony and Magdalena in equal shares only after Magdalena died.


George predeceased his mother, Magdalena.  George died in 1840 and Magdalena did not die until 1846.  George would have been entitled to a one sixth share of the $535 because there were six total children.  One sixth of $535 would be about $90.  However, his estate only received $50.03.  Perhaps some previous payments had been received by George.  Perhaps some offsetting of other indebtedness was considered.  Perhaps the advance payment to George’s estate for his 1\6th share was granted in an effort to add much needed liquidity to his estate for paying debts he owed. 


A variety of disbursements were made from the assets available.  Various taxes and payments for final expenses and attorney and accountants fees were made.  The largest payment was made for $111.24 on a “judgment.”  After all disbursements were made as reported in the accounting, a balance of $170.26 remained for distribution.


Auditor’s Report for George Yinger’s Estate

After disbursements were made as listed in the administration accounting, there apparently were additional debts owed to people who were family, neighbors and friends.  Their claims might best be described as “unsecured” as contrasted to the debts paid in the administration accounting to “secured” creditors who probably received payment in full leaving a balance of $170.26 to be allocated among the “unsecured” creditors of George Yinger.


The total of “unsecured” claims against the estate was $242.52.  Remaining assets of $170.26 were insufficient to completely pay everyone the full amount owed to them.  Therefore there was a need for an “auditor” to perform a pro-ration calculation to divide the remaining cash in an equitable manner. 


The auditor appointed to the task of making the pro-ration calculation was W. H. Kurtz.  He reported to the orphan’s court on November 2, 1841 the results of his “audit.”  In summary the remaining “unsecured” creditors received about 671\2 cents on the dollar for the debts owed to them by the estate of George Yinger.  Included in the list of payees were his mother, Magdalena Yinger, his son Jacob Yinger, and Mary Yinger who may have been a daughter.  Nearby neighbors were also among the “unsecured” payees including Bear (Bair) family members.


In summary, George’s estate file reveals that he struggled financially throughout his life.  This does not mean he was a bad man.  Life is hard for a lot of people in every generation in every extended family.  Perhaps Job said it best:


“Man born of woman is of few days and full of trouble.” Job 14:1 NIV


Inventory, July 1840 George Yinger Estate


Vendue list, July 1840 George Yinger Estate


Real Estate Sale petition, September 1840 George Yinger Estate


Administration Account, August 1841 George Yinger Estate


Auditor Report, November 1841 George Yinger Estate



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