Jacob Yinger 1813 Estate File Narrative
Introduction and Summary
The transcripts for the estate documents of Jacob Yinger were prepared from the original documents which are in the York county archives in York, Pennsylvania.
Jacob Yinger was the first born child and son of Anthony and Magdalena Yinger and, therefore, a grandson of Johann Paul Jünger, the Palatine immigrant who came to America through Philadelphia in 1748. He was probably named Jacob after his grandfather Jacob Broband who died in 1777 six years before Jacob Yinger was born. According to his tombstone in the Bear family cemetery, he was born on August 26, 1783 and he died on February 9, 1813 at the age of 29 years, 5 months and 2 weeks. His tombstone is in German as are the tombstones of two of his younger siblings buried beside him who also died in young adulthood. They were a sister, Elizabeth who was born in 1785 and died in 1814 and a younger brother, Martin who was born in 1793 and died in 1816.
These three children of Anthony and Magdalena Broband Yinger all predeceased their parents. Anthony did not die until 1829 and Magdalena died in 1846. It is significant that these three adult children’s tombstones were in German. I believe this gives strong conclusive evidence that Anthony chose to have their gravestones prepared in what he considered to be his native language. Though our Jünger (Yinger) ancestors had been in America since 1748, as late as 1813-1816, Anthony was still more comfortable with German than English. These tombstones clearly give the surname in German as Jünger with the umlaut over the letter ü.
More complete information about the Bear family cemetery where Anthony, Magdalena and these three young adult children are buried is included in another section of this web site. That section includes, among other things, photographs of the gravestones, transcriptions of their epitaphs in German and translations of each into English. The cause of death is disclosed on each of the three adult children’s tombstones beginning with Jacob who died in 1813. His stone indicates in German that he died of “auszehrung”. This word is translated as “consumption” in English which was an 18th and early 19th century term generally describing the disease of tuberculosis.
All three of these children died of this slow agonizing condition according to their tombstones. Before the days of pasteurization of milk, lung infections from ingesting or breathing bacteria common on farms often led to this condition which can be treated in modern times successfully with antibiotics. It must have been a very sad and discouraging time for Anthony and Magdalena to witness the slow death of three of their children who were in the prime of their lives. More discussion on this situation is reserved for the biographical section on the lives and times of Anthony and Magdalena Yinger and their family on another section of this web site.
Transcripts prepared from the original documents in Jacob Yinger’s estate file are included on this web site and can be viewed by following the links at the bottom of this introduction and summary. The documents which comprise Jacob Yinger’s estate file with my comments about certain important items to note are as follows:
Last Will & Testament of Jacob Yinger Estate
The last will and testament of Jacob Yinger was prepared by him on February 5, 1813. He died on February 9, 1813 according to his tombstone as previously noted. Therefore, his will was prepared when he foresaw his death from consumption as imminent. He identifies his occupation as Blacksmith. In his will he affirms his Christian convictions in several opening sentences wherein he thanks God for his earthly life and wealth, commends his soul to God’s hands, and requests his body be buried “in a decent Christian burial.”
He appoints his father, Anthony Yinger, to be his executor. He specifically bequeaths 100 dollars for his mother, (Magdalena) from his estate. He also bequeaths 100 dollars to his father, (Anthony) and further stipulates that the residual of his estate shall also be available to his father as to either income or principal.
Throughout the will, Jacob’s surname is spelled Yeinger. This suggests that there may have been various spellings used as the German family name of Jünger evolved into Yinger during the second and third generations. A more in depth discussion of the Jünger/Yinger family name is included in a separate section of this web site.
No mention is made in his will of a wife or children. He left everything he had accumulated in life to his parents. He is buried, as previously noted, with two other siblings and his parents. No wife or children are buried with him. Together these facts strongly suggest that he was a bachelor. He also is listed as a single unmarried man on tax list appearances of Newberry Township, York County, Pennsylvania from 1806 to 1812.
The Inventory of Jacob Yinger’s Estate
The inventory for Jacob Yinger’s estate was prepared on March 20, 1813. His possessions center on his trade of Blacksmith. His estate is comprised of the raw material of iron, 5 pairs of horse shoes, accounts receivable from customers and cash. No indication of any real estate is given. Probably he lived and worked on the 45 acre farm his mother and father, Anthony and Magdalena owned. He had no debts or obligations indicated.
The inventory is denominated in dollars and cents. As noted in the sections of this web site dealing with George Yinger’s estate, a transition from the British system of pounds, shillings and pence to dollars and cents occurred between the 1790’s when George’s estate was administrated by Anthony and 1813 when Jacob’s estate was also handled by Anthony.
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