Paul Yinger 1876 Estate File Narrative
Introduction and Summary
The transcripts for the estate documents of Paul Yinger were prepared from the original documents which are in the York county archives in York, Pennsylvania.
Paul Yinger was the second born child and son of Martin and Catharine Grove Yinger and, therefore, a grandson of Johann Paul Jünger, the Palatine immigrant who came to America through Philadelphia in 1748.
According to his tombstone where he is buried in the Union cemetery in East Manchester township of York county, Pennsylvania, he was born on September 17, 1793 and died on May 7, 1876 at the age of 82 years 7 months and 20 days.
Paul Yinger was probably named after his grandfather Johann Paul Jünger. Martin and Catherine Grove Yinger had one other known child beside Paul. He was a brother to Paul named Samuel. Samuel died in 1816 when he was still a young man in his 20’s. Samuel’s estate file is discussed in another section of this web site. The life and times of their parents, Martin and Catherine are also discussed in another section of this web site.
Paul married Christine Snyder daughter of Conrad Snyder. According to her tombstone where she is buried next to her husband, she was born on July 24, 1797 and died on June 17, 1870 about six years before her husband Paul died. They had a very large family of twelve children, ten sons and two daughters, according to John Gibson’s “History of York County, Pennsylvania.” The names and birth dates of those children are given in that publication. Furthermore, Paul’s estate file documents also name his children and grandchildren. These documents provide additional proof of the details of the offspring of Paul and his wife Christine Snyder Yinger.
The life and times of Paul and Christine Yinger and their family are discussed in another section of this web site. Transcripts prepared from the original documents in Paul Yinger’s estate file are included on this web site and can be viewed by following the links at the bottom of this introduction and summary. The documents which comprise Paul Yinger’s estate file with my comments about certain important items to note are as follows:
Last Will & Testament of Paul Yinger Estate
The last will and testament of Paul Yinger was prepared by him on June 23, 1875. He died on May 7, 1876 according to his tombstone as previously noted. After affirming his sound mind, memory and understanding while acknowledging the “uncertainty of this transitory life,” and after he makes provisions for the payment of his just debts and funeral expenses, he turns his attention to providing for his family.
Paul expresses his intention for his real and personal property to be sold and converted into cash. He stipulates an equal distribution of the proceeds among his children. In the case of his two deceased adult children he intends for their surviving children to share in their deceased parent’s shares. His deceased son Abraham Yinger is specifically mentioned and Abraham’s two children are to have the portion of their father’s inheritance placed in trust until they reach the age of twenty-one years. The executors of Paul’s will are to act as trustees and invest the money in interest bearing accounts on their behalf.
Abraham died in the Civil War on June 1, 1864 at the battle of Cold Harbor according to John Gibson’s “History of York County, Pennsylvania.” He was born in 1832 according to that same publication. Therefore, he was only 32 years old when he died in the war. He left two children, Henry and Anna and a wife named Mary behind.
The other deceased child of Paul Yinger at the time of his death was a daughter named Anna Marie (Maria) who had married a man named James Shambaugh. They had four children named Savilla Jane, William, Tobias and Anna Marie Shambaugh. These four children were entitled to share equally in the share of their deceased mother’s portion of their grandfather Paul Yinger’s estate according to his will.
Finally, Paul names three of his sons as executors for his will; Charles H. Yinger, John S. Yinger and George S. Yinger. In all probability, the S. in John and George’s middle names abbreviates their deceased mother’s maiden surname of Snyder. This was a very common convention at the time. Latter generations of Yinger descendants repeated this tendency.
Paul’s will was witnessed by John Kohler and Charles H. Beck. John M. Heiges, attested to the validity of the will in his capacity as deputy register of the probate of wills for York County.
The Inventory and Appraisement of Paul Yinger’s estate
The inventory for Paul Yinger’s estate is dated June 5, 1876. As previously mentioned above, his tombstone indicates he died on May 7, 1876. Gibson’s “History of York County, Pennsylvania” indicates that Paul was a blacksmith. Several of his sons followed in his footsteps by also becoming blacksmiths. However, he probably was retired from that trade at the time of his death. His inventory does not include any tools or materials related to that profession. Paul’s son John S. Yinger lived beside him in Manchester borough and also was a blacksmith. Paul probably passed on his tools and implements of that trade to his sons at his retirement.
Paul’s inventory does include farm crops like wheat, corn and oats both in harvested bushels and still “in the ground.” This indicates that he farmed land he owned until he died. He had nearly 5 acres which were growing these crops at the time of his death.
Most of the rest of his inventory lists household furnishings like furniture, bedding, blankets, carpet, etc. Also listed is a family bible. I wonder what genealogical information may have been in it.
His inventory includes a syringe and a lancet. Perhaps this indicates a need he may have had for periodic minor medical procedures requiring these medical items.
Although Paul owned several pieces of real estate, they are not listed in his inventory. It was very typical to exclude real property from estate inventories which were compiled shortly after someone died. Inventories generally focused on personal property. Other documents in his estate file deal with his realty assets.
Petition to Sell Certain Real Estate
On July 21, 1876 the executors for Paul Yinger’s estate petitioned the Orphan’s court in York County to permit them to sell Paul’s real estate holdings in order to comply with his will which stipulated that his property be sold with the proceeds to be distributed to his heirs.
This document lists Paul’s surviving children and grandchildren of the deceased children of Paul:
Sons Living in York County:
1. Jacob Yinger
2. John S. Yinger
3. Charles H. Yinger
4. Samuel Yinger
5. George S. Yinger
Sons Living in Lancaster County:
6. Daniel Yinger
7. Paul Yinger
Daughter Living in Ohio:
8. Elizabeth Yinger intermarried with Randolph Gra(y)bill
Grandchildren of Deceased Children:
9. Abraham Yinger’s children residing in York County:
10. Anna Marie (Yinger) Shambaugh’s children living in Ohio (with their father James Shambaugh):
Savilla Jane Shambaugh
Michael L. Shambaugh
Hattie C. Shambaugh
Previously it has been noted that Paul and Christine (Snyder) Yinger had 12 children. Only 10 are mentioned in his estate file. Two other sons were born to them who predeceased them. According to Gibson’s “History of York County, Pennsylvania,” they were another Samuel who was born on January 20, 1820 and died September 11, that same year. Another son named William was born on September 10, 1828. His tombstone which is located near those of his parents, Paul and Christine, indicates he died in childhood on August 27, 1842 at the age of 13 years, 11 months and 17 days.
The petition briefly describes Paul’s real estate holdings as about 14 acres in the borough of Manchester on the Harrisburg Turnpike containing a log weather-boarded dwelling house, barn and other improvements. Paul also had 6 acres of timber land located in Manchester Township according to the petition.
The Real Estate sale bond of Paul Yinger’s Estate
On July 22, 1876 the executors for Paul Yinger’s estate posted a bond in the amount of $5,000 to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in trust for the heirs of Paul Yinger’s estate. The bond expresses the executor’s intention of making application to sell certain real estate of Paul Yinger, deceased, for the purpose of distributing the proceeds amongst his heirs.
The Real Estate sale Order of Paul Yinger’s Estate
According to this document dated July 24, 1876 the Orphan’s Court approved the petition of the executors of Paul Yinger’s estate to expose his real estate to public sale on the premises after having given appropriate legal notices.
As a result this document further states that the executors did expose the real estate to public auction on Saturday, August 19, 1876. Hake Kraft purchased the 14 acre home site for $2,568.16 ¾. Apparently the 6 acres of woodland was sold in subdivided pieces. Samuel N. Baker purchased two parcels for $103.00 and $30.00. William Kunkle purchased the final parcel for $144.00.
The Vendue list of Paul Yinger’s estate
On the same day of August 19, 1876 the personal items of Paul Yinger were also sold at auction. Apparently the crops which were listed in the inventory shortly after Paul’s death were sold on a timely basis before this date because they do not appear on the vendue list. The relative brevity of the list of personal items gives an insight into the material wealth of 19th century Americans. Paul’s greatest wealth was in his real property and its ability to produce an income from raising crops. His personal belongings by modern standards were limited but adequate for the times. Modern Americans just have a whole lot more “stuff” cluttering our lives than our forbearers had.
Excluding his real estate holdings and the value of his crops at the time of his death the remainder of his personal possessions sold for a total of $15.86 according to the vendue list.
Administration Account of Paul Yinger’s Estate
On April 3, 1877 the executors filed a final accounting for their administration of Paul Yinger’s estate. In the receipts section it was noted that 5 bushels of Rye were sold that were not in the original inventory appraisement. The original inventory filed shortly after Paul’s death listed crops including wheat, oats and corn. Paul also grew some rye as well.
An additional credit for $150.00 was listed against Paul’s son John S. Yinger who apparently had borrowed some money from his father. This asset had also been excluded from Paul Yinger’s inventory appraisal. House rent collected amounted to $41.66 indicating that Paul’s home must have been rented after his death.
The proceeds of the sale of Paul’s real estate holdings are enumerated. In total the executors reported a total value of assets available to pay expenses of $3,489.83.
Various disbursements from Paul’s estate are listed including attorney’s fees, appraiser fees, taxes (state, county, borough, school, road, etc.) auction fees, coffin, tombstone, grave digging etc. His son Charles H. Yinger was paid $3.36 in his capacity as a school system official which is mentioned in Gibson’s “History of York County, PA.” Another son George S. Yinger received payments for “funeral expenses, boarding, washing and etc.”
Apparently the crops and other personal property of Paul Yinger sold for $37.19 less than their appraised value of $449.30 because this is indicated in the administration accounting. Total payments from the estate were $411.64. This left a balance for distribution to Paul’s descendents of $3,489.83.
Court Order for distribution to Shambaugh Children
On May 14, 1877 James Shambaugh applied to the York County Orphan’s court for the money representing his deceased wife Anna Marie (Yinger) Shambaugh’s portion of her father Paul’s estate. Their minor children William, Tobias and Anna Marie were living with their father, James, in Ohio. Apparently the oldest daughter, Savilla, had ceased to be considered a minor by 1877 because she is not listed in the appeal for release of funds from Paul’s estate to James Shambaugh, guardian (and parent) of the minor children.
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